Smoky clouds, Fairs and crowds. Village fairs, Riders on mares. Flocks of birds, Clustered huts. Bridges and paths, Dhobi ghats. Small tea-shops, Puddles and flocks. (Extracts from the Hindi poem ‘Railgadi’ by HARENDRANATH CHATTOPADHYA) How did you like the poem ? ❉ Have you ever travelled in a train? When? ❉ Can a train move anywhere? Why? ❉ What is meant by ‘roads of iron’? ❉ What places did the train pass by? Make a list. ❉ Which vehicles have you travelled in? Write their names in your notebook. Come, let's meet some children and find out how they spent their vacations. ❉ Which all vehicles did the children travel in? ❉ How would you choose to go from your house to the places written below? Write in the box. Your house Across the sea Children would have seen many vehicles in their real life or in films, books, etc. These experiences may help in a discussion. Write in front of each picture what the vehicle is used for. In the spaces provided, draw the pictures of some other vehicles. Write their names and what they are used for. Are all these vehicles used for our travel? Vehicle Used for Vehicle Used for Names of some vehicles are given in the centre of a wheel. Join these on one side to the number of wheels each vehicle has and on the other, join them to what is used to run them. Find out from your elders – How did people travel fifty years ago? Were the present means of travel available at that time also? Can you imagine which vehicles people will use for travel twenty years from now? Ask your family members and friends and fill in the table. You can add more – Whom you asked Their answer You Friend Chacha Teacher A discussion based on the information obtained from the elders will help the children to understand the changes that have come in vehicles over time. That is why in the book, children have been encouraged to ask their grandparents again and again so that they understand the changes that have taken place with time. Your own train With the help of the pictures make a toy-train using empty matchboxes. If anybody makes a ‘chhuk-chhuk’ sound you know at once that it is being made for a train. From the sounds given below can you tell which vehicle it is ? One example is given. Chhuk–Chhuk Train Peen-Peen ___________ Pon–Pon ___________ Tup-Tup ___________ Gharr–Gharr ___________ Tring–Tring ___________ ❉ These are the sounds of single vehicles. How does it sound when many vehicles run together on the road making different noises? Isn't there a lot of noise? ❉ Where have you heard the maximum noise ? ❉ Do you like so much noise? Why? To make the toy train, tins can be used in place of matchboxes. For making wheels, bottle caps or buttons can be used. ❉ What all can you see in the picture? ❉ Which vehicles can you see in the picture? ❉ What are these vehicles usually used for? With the help of the picture a discussion can be initiated on situations requiring emergency services. 76 Look at the boxes in the picture on the top. Draw them in the correct sequence in the bottom boxes and colour. What did you get? Write its name. 6 11 2 10 1 4 12 9 8 3 7 5 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

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