Healthcare in India Let us examine some of the aspects of healthcare in India. Compare and contrast the situation expressedCan you provide a title to these in the first and second columns.columns? India has the largest number of medical colleges in the world and is among the largest producers of doctors. Approximately15,000 new doctors qualify every year. Healthcare facilities have grown substantially over the years. In 1950, there were only 2,717 hospitals in India. In 1991, there were 11,174 hospitals.In 2000, the number grew to 18,218. India gets a large number of medical tourists from many countries.They come for treatment in some of the hospitals inIndia that compare with the best in the world.India is the fourth largest producer of medicines in the world and is also a large exporter of medicines. Most doctors settle in urban areas. People in rural areas have to travel long distances to reach a doctor. The number of doctors with respect to the population is much less in rural areas. About five lakh people die from tuberculosis every year. This number is almost unchanged since Independence! Almost two million cases of malaria are reported every year and this number isn’t decreasing. We are not able to provide clean drinking water to all. 21per cent of all communicable diseases are water borne. For example,diarrhoea,worms,hepatitis,etc. Half of all children in India do not get adequate food to eat and are undernourished. In India, it is often said that we are unable to provide health services for all because the government does not have enough money and facilities. After reading the above left hand column, do you think this is true? Discuss. In order to prevent and treat illnesses we need appropriate healthcare facilities such as health centres, hospitals, laboratories for testing, ambulance services, blood banks, etc., that can provide the required care and services that patients need. In order to run such facilities we need health workers, nurses, qualified doctors and other health professionals who can advice, diagnose and treat illnesses. We also need the medicines and equipment that are necessary for treating patients. These facilities are required to take care of us. 20 Social and Political Life Facility Cost of services Availability of service Private Public

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