Table 2.2: Health infrastructure over the years 1951 1981 2001 2010 2013 H SC/PHC/CHC Dispensaries and Hospitals Beds Doctors (Allopathy) Nursing Personnel 725 9,209 1,17,198 61,800 18,054 57,363 23,555 5,69,495 2,68,700 1,43,887 1,63,181 43,322 8,70,161 5,03,900 7,37,000 1,75,277 28,472 5,76,793 8,16,629 1,702,555 1,81,319 19,817 6,28,000 9,18,000 1,09,224 (only hospitals) (General Nurse) SC: Sub centre, PHC: Primary Health Centre, CHC: Community Health Centre. Source: National Health Profile, 2010: D/o Ayush, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. National Health Profile, 2013. 3. Do you think the increase in the number of doctors and nurses is adequate for India? If not, why? 4. What other facilities would you like to provide in a hospital? 5. Discuss about the hospital you have visited? 6. Can you draw a graph using this table. There are many places in India which do not have even these basic facilities. There are only 381 medical colleges in the country and 301 dental colleges. Just four states like Andhre Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharastra and Tamil Nadu have maximum number of colleges. Unemployment Sakal’s mother Sheela looked after the domestic chores, children and helped her husband Buta in the field. Sakal’s brother, Jeetu and sister Seetu spend their time playing and roaming. Can you call Sheela or Jeetu or Seetu unemployed? If not, why? Unemployment is said to exist when people who are willing to work at the going wages cannot find jobs. Sheela is not interested in working outside her 24 Economics

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