Food security of a nation is ensured if all of its citizens have enough nutritious food available, all persons have the capacity to buy food of acceptable quality and there is no barrier on access to food. The people living below the poverty line might be food insecure all the time while better off people might also turn food insecure due to calamity or disaster. Although a large section of people suffer from food and nutrition insecurity in India, the worst affected groups are landless or land poor households in rural areas and people employed in ill paid occupations and casual labourers engaged in seasonal activities in the urban areas. The food insecure people are disproportionately large in some regions of the country, such as economically backward states with high incidence of poverty, tribal and remote areas, regions more prone to natural disasters etc. To ensure availability of food to all sections of the society the Indian government carefully designed food security system, which is composed of two components: (a) buffer stock and (b) public distribution system. In addition to PDS, various poverty alleviation programmes were also started which comprised a component of food security. Some of these programmes are: Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS); Food-for-Work (FFW); Mid-Day Meals; Antyodaya Anna Yojana (AAY) etc. In addition to the role of the government in ensuring food security, there are various cooperatives and NGOs also working intensively towards this direction. 1. How is food security ensured in India? 2. Which are the people more prone to food insecurity? 3. Which states are more food insecure in India? 4. Do you believe that green revolution has made India self-sufficient in food grains? How? 5. A section of people in India are still without food. Explain? 6. What happens to the supply of food when there is a disaster or a calamity? 7. Differentiate between seasonal hunger and chronic hunger? 8. What has our government done to provide food security to the poor? Discuss any two schemes launched by the government? 9. Why buffer stock is created by the government? 10. Write notes on: (a) Minimum support price (b) Buffer stock (c) Issue price (d) Fair price shops 11. What are the problems of the functioning of ration shops? 12. Write a note on the role of cooperatives in providing food and related items.Food Security in India References DEV, S. MAHENDRA, KANNAN, K.P. AND RAMCHANDRAN, NEERA(EdS.). 2003. Towards a Food Secure India: Issues and Policies. Institute for Human Development, New Delhi. SAINI SHWETAAND MARYA KOZICKA. 2014. ‘Evolution and Critique of buffer stocking policy of India’, Working paper No. 283, Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations. SAGAR, VIDYA. 2004. 'Food Security in India', Paper presented in ADRF-IFRI Final Meeting on Food Security in India, September 10–11, New Delhi. SAXENA, N.C. 2004. 'Synergising Government Efforts for Food Security' in Swaminathan, M.S. and Medrano, Pedro (Eds.), Towards Hunger Free India, East-West Books, Chennai. SAXENA, N.C. 2004. 'Reorganising Policies and Delivery for Alleviating Hunger and Malnutrition' Paper presented at National Food Security Summit, New Delhi. SEN, A.K. 1983. 'Poverty and Famines: An Essay on Entitlement and Deprivation'. Oxford University Press. SHARMA, REKHA AND MEENAKSHI, J.V. 2004. 'Micronutrient Deficiencies in Rural Diets'. Towards Hunger Free India: From Vision to Action. Proceedings of Consultation on 'Towards Hunger-free India: Count Down from 2007'. New Delhi. FAO 1996. World Food Summit 1995. Food and Agricultural Organisation, Rome. Government of India. Economic Survey. 2002–03, 2003–04, 2004–05. Ministry of Finance. New Delhi. IIPS 2000. National Health and Family Survey– 2. International Institute of Population Sciences. Mumbai. UN 1975. Report of the World Food Conference 1975. (Rome), United Nations, New York. Economics

RELOAD if chapter isn't visible.