QR Code Chapter 19

19. Our Friends - Animals

The children in the class were startled on hearing the sound tak. The sound came from the ceiling fan. Kalyani shouted - Look, look a bird is hurt. Peter got up at once and picked up the bird. It was in pain.


Navjyot and Ali quickly brought water in a bowl. Peter lovingly patted the bird. They held the bowl to the bird’s beak. It drank a little water and slowly started flapping its wings. Navjyot told all the children to move back. They noticed that the bird was trying to fly. In a while, the bird flew away...



Next day the children saw a bird circling above them in their classroom. The children tried to find out whether it was the same bird that was hurt the previous day. They quickly switched off the fan and started to clap.

 Put the sentences in the correct order:

Peter lovingly patted the bird.                              

 The children saw a bird circling in their classroom.            

 Navjyot and Ali quickly brought water in a bowl.             

 The bird flew away.                                      

 The bird hurt itself with the fan.                           

Shankar was very happy. A cat had given birth to four kittens in the courtyard of his house. He started spending his free time with them.


One morning shankar was woken up by the cat’s cry. (Do you know how a cat cries?) He ran towards the courtyard. He saw that the cat was crying and cuddling its three kittens. One of the kittens was missing. He went outside and found Malini patting a kitten. Shankar called Malini into his courtyard. Malini saw the cat crying.

• What do you think Malini would have done?

• Discussion on feelings in animals will help develop sensitivity in children towards them.

Bholi is Meenu’s cow. Meenu takes Bholi to the field to graze daily.


One day a speeding scooter hit Bholi and hurt her leg. The wound was bleeding heavily.

• What will people in Meenu’s family do?

• Chandu Dhobi looks after his donkey very well. The donkey too does a lot of his work. Look at the pictures and write what are the things that Chandu does for his donkey-









Do you or any of your neighbours have a pet? Which one?


What name have you given to your pet? ________________________________________________

  What do you do when your pet is –

hungry _______________________________         

feeling hot or cold _____________________                 

teased by someone _____________________

hurt __________________________________


We keep some pet animals at home. We look after them too. In the table below are the names of some such animals. Complete the table.

Name of the animal

Why do we keep them




It gives milk.


It pulls the cart.








We love it.



We keep animals as pets and look after them. An understanding of this relationship will help children develop an understanding of interdependence of living beings in the environment.

• Bird bath

Take a small earthen pot having a wide mouth. Tie the pot with a rope and hang it as shown in the picture. Pour some water in the pot and hang it on the branch of a tree or on a hook outside your house. Pour water in it everyday. Observe which birds come to drink water.


Like us, animals also need water to live. There are many other things which are required by both – animals and humans. Write the names of three such things.




You must have included food in your list. You know that we eat a variety of food. Similarly, animals too eat different kinds of food.

Have you ever fed any animal or seen anyone else feeding any animal? If yes, then fill in the table.

Help children make a bird bath. Keep the bird bath outside in the open so that the children can observe the birds closely and get to know about them.

Name of the animal you fed

What did you feed

Why do you feed these animals? 

Which animal did most children feed? 

What did they feed? 

Do you have these names in your list? Find out what these animals eat?

Rat, Cockroach, Pig, Bat, Crow, Squirrel, Monkey, Spider, Lizard

Think, has any animal ever eaten your food against your will. How?




Who eats what? Match by drawing lines of different colours. One example is shown.









Chappati, fruits, vegetables                  

Human Being



Example – Goat = Grass + Chappati, fruits, vegetables

 Write the names of the animals –

You have touched

You have not touched but you can touch  

You cannot touch

We do not go near some animals for the fear that they may bite us, harm us or eat us up!

You have seen that there are some animals whom we can touch. These often live in our houses or around us. Of these, a few animals help us in many ways.

 It can be discussed with the children that touching animals means patting them lovingly and not teasing them. The picture given on the next page shows balance in nature. It is essential to clarify this to the children in a simple and easy manner.

The Queen's Garden

Read this picture and discuss in the class.

1. The gardener has brought mangoes from the queen’s garden.

2. So many mangoes! Good!


3. Your majesty, there would have been double the amount if the birds had not eaten them.


4. What did you say? The birds have eaten the mangoes? Why did you allow the birds into the garden?



5. Please forgive me. I will not let any bird come into the garden.

Next Year

6. Fewer mangoes than last year ! Why did you not stop the birds from entering the garden?


7. I stopped them your majesty. I did not let a single bird enter. But this year the insects have eaten the mangoes.


8. If there had been birds then they would have eaten the insects, we would not have lost so many mangoes.