8. Who is Havier?

Gur (jaggery) and Groundnuts

Shabnam loved to eat jaggery (gur) and groundnuts. One day she bought 1 kg of jaggery and 1 kg of groundnuts. (You know that kilogram is also written as kg.

A girl holding two packets with Groundnuts written on one and Gur written on the other.

Oh! The groundnuts look so much more than the jaggery!

  • Are the groundnuts really more than the jaggery (gur) in weight or do they just look more?

Go to the market and check if your guess is right.

Now guess, for which of these you need a bigger bag:

(1) 1 kg popcorn or 1 kg sugar?

(2)1 kg peas or 1 kg potatoes?

Pumpkin Tomato 'Panga'

This is the playground where tomatoes come to play every day. They love playing on the see-saw. One day a big pumpkin comes and sits on one side of the see-saw. When he does not get up for a long time, the tomatoes decide to sit on the other side and lift the pumpkin up so that he falls off.

The little tomatoes start climbing on to the other side...1, 2, 3, 4, 5 ....... 25. Huh! The pumpkin is still sitting and laughing.

So, the big tomatoes decide to help. The little ones get down and make way for the fat ones. 1, 2, 3, 4..... 20.

A seesaw with pumpkin on the heavier side and tomatoes on the other side.

Yeah! The pumpkin is up in the air. It shouts - Bring me down, bring me down please!

A seesaw with tomatoes on the heavier side cheering "hurray" and pumpkin on the other side up in the air.

  • 'Panga' is a colloquial word which gives the sense of a problem or a quarrel. It has been used deliberately because children can find it amusing.


How many small tomatoes do you think could lift the pumpkin up?

  • Ten
  • Twenty
  • Forty

How many big mangoes can balance the pumpkin?

A seesaw with pumpkin on heavier side and a mango on the other side in the air.

Now Guess

How many pumpkins can balance you on the see-saw?

A girl see a pumpkin

Name some of your classmates who you think weigh

(a) Almost the same as you  _____

(b) More than you  _____

(c) Less than you  _____

How many books can you lift on one hand keeping your arm straight?

Double her Weight

Kunjamma's parents have a different way of celebrating Independence Day because Kunjamma was born that day. They buy sweets double of Kunjamma's weight and distribute them

among poor people.

One side of the weighing scale has a baby and other side has sweets balancing the weight of the baby.

When Kunjamma was born, she was 3 kg. Today is Independence Day and Kunjamma is 5 years old. She is 28 kg now.

Now guess her weight and the amount of sweets her parents distribute every Independence Day.

Kunjamma's age

Kunjamma's weight

Amount of sweets

At birth

3 kg

3 + 3 = 6 kg

1 year old

9 kg


2 years old


13 +13 = 26 kg

3 years old

17 kg


4 years old



5 years old

28 kg


You can ask your parents how much a 2-year old or 4-year old child could weigh.

Guess your own weight _____

Yum-yum Rice

Shugoto heard about a new dish on the radio. He wants to try making it. When he notes down how to make it, he gets confused.

This is what he notes down -

(1) Pour 2 spoons  of water in the pot

(2) Boil the water and add

  • 1 pinch  of daal
  • half kg  red chilli powder
  • 1 bowl  salt

(3) Now put a spoon  of rice

(4) Add 2  peas and 8 glasses  of mustard seeds

(5) Finally add 1 kg  of onions

Mix everything and boil for 15 minutes.

But Shugoto feels there is something VERY wrong in the mounts of everything!!!

Help him match the things with their right amounts.

1 kg


half kg











mustard seeds

1 kg

red chilli powder

Activity Time

A. Make a list of things bought at your home. Find out how much of each thing is bought at one time. These things can be rice, oil, chilli powder, sugar, milk, onions, ginger, etc.

Name of thing  

How much bought

B. Guess their weights and match.

A suitcase.

10 kg

A cow.

400 kg

A mango.

Less than 1 kg

An elephant.

More than 1000 kg

A sack.

80 kg

A puppy.

2 kg

c. Guess which of the following things weigh more than 1 kilogram? Which ones will weigh less than 1 kilogram (kg)?

i) Your school bag

A school bag.

ii) Geometry box

Geometry box.

iii) A brick

A brick.

iv) A big pumpkin

A big pumpkin.

v) Your pair of slippers/shoes

A pair of slippers.

Bring a balance and a 1 kg weight to class. Check if your guess was right.

D. Use your balance to find which of the following is heavier -

A weighing scale with a cricket ball on heavier side and flowing water bottle on the other side.

i) A water bottle or a cricket ball

ii) Your shoe or your pencil box

iii) Your Maths book or Hindi book

iv) Your bag or your friend's bag

E. Weigh 1 kg of mud or sand. Divide it equally into 2 bags. Use the balance to check if both the bags have equal weight.

A girl balancing a weighing scale with sacks of mud on both sides.

Each bag of mud is your half-kg weight. Use it to weigh some other things around you.

Make a list of

i) Things weighing less than half kg.

ii) Things weighing more than half kg.

Different activities will help children to guess and estimate weights of familiar things they see at home, at the grocery shop, etc. Guessing the weights of animals is an enjoyable exercise and helps them get a feel of larger weights. Teachers must bring a balance to class and give them a chance to weigh things themselves.

Look for Weights and Balances

Make a trip to your nearest junk dealer, vegetable shop and grocery shop. Have a look at the weights they use. Find out:

i) Who uses the biggest weight?

ii) Who uses the smallest weight?

Have you seen any of these balances?

A woman weighing a gas cylinder with a small weighing instrument in her hand.

A man measuring weight of sweets box  on a digital weighing machine.

A man putting grains in a container on the weighing machine with weights on the other side to balance.

A woman holding a weighing scale connected to two plates. One side has cotton and the other plate has weights to balance.

In which shop would you find the following types of weights?

Discuss with your friends.

Weights of 10kg, 2kg and 500 grams.