14. Smart Charts

How Many Hours?

All of us enjoy watching television (TV) or listening to the radio.

How much time do we spend in this?

• Note the time you spend in front of a TV or radio every day. Do this for one week. The time spent in a week is __ _hours.

So in a month you spend about 30 x_=_hours.

• Find out from your friends the time they spend in a week.

How many hours they watch TV or listen to the radio (in a week)

 More than 6 hours Number of children Six hours Five hours Four hours Three hours Two hours One hour Zero hour (do not watch)

I can watch TV for 24 hours!

Is it good or bad for me?

From your table

Watching TV/listening to the radio...

• __children spend more than 6 hours in a week.
• __children spend no time at all.
• Most children spend___hours in a week.
• __children spend more than 3 hours.

Which Programme?

There are different types of programmes on TV or radio such as cartoons, news, sports, music, plays, serials. Juhi's father likes watching serials. Her mother likes sports. Juhi likes news programmes.

1. Ask people in your family to name one programme they like and one programme they dislike. Make a table.

 Family member Programme they like Programme they dislike Mother Father

The kind of programme most family members like ___

The kind of programme most family members dislike ___

1. Find out from 20 friends the programmes they like and dislike, and write in a table.

 Kind of programme Number of children liking it Number of children disliking it News Serials Cartoons Comedy shows Sports

• Which kind of programme is liked by most children?
• Which kind of programme is disliked by the least number of children?
• How many children like sports programmes?
• Is there any kind of programme not liked by any one? Yes/No If yes, which one?___.

Who is my friend?

I've a friend with me always,

In the nights and through the days.

When I run he runs with me,

Sometimes I lead, sometimes he.

When it's dark he can't be seen,

Do you know which friend I mean?

• Read the poem carefully and answer these questions:
1. Which word comes most often in the poem?
2. Which letter has been used most?
3. Which letter comes the least?
• Take a paragraph you like from your language textbook. Read carefully and find out:
1. Which word comes most often?

How many times?

1. Which word comes least often?

2. The letter used most often is

3. The letter used least often is

Food We Eat

Children were talking about what things they eat in the morning — made of rice, wheat, maize, barley, etc.

I eat and rice things made from rice.

I eat chapati made from wheat.

But, I eat roties made from maize.

I like to drink sattu made of barley.

My favourite is porridge made from ragi.

Find out from your classmates and fill the table:

 Main food Number of persons Rice Wheat

Look at the table and tell:

• Most children eat food made from

• Compared to children who eat rice, those who eat wheat are more/less/equal.
• Compared to those who eat wheat, children eating ragi are more/less.

Preparing for the Class Drama

All children of a class are getting ready for a drama. Some children are acting. Some are busy collecting the dresses. Some

are bringing tables and chairs to make the sets.

The Drama Chart

Number of Children

Acting

Collecting Dresses

Playing music

Making the sets

1. How many children are acting in the drama?
2. Which are more — children making the sets or those acting?
3. What is being done by most of the children?
4. How many children are collecting dresses?

Whose Head is Bigger?

Cut long paper strips from waste paper.

Give one strip to each of your friends.

Now put the paper strip around your head and tear off the extra strip. On a big sheet, paste these paper strips along a line.

Some children had pasted their strips and made a chart like this.

Madhu

Rohit

Ramesh

Sadiq

Sameena

Your chart should also look like this.

• Use a scale and find out from your chart:

The length of the longest strip is___ cm.

So___ has the biggest head.

The smallest strip is ___ cm long. It belongs to

.

Chapati Chart

All children of a school take part in different clubs:

Games Clubs

Garden Clubs

Drawing Club

The Chapati Chart shows the number of children in different clubs.

From the picture we can see that:

1. Half the children in the class take part in the Games Club.
2. One fourth of the children are members of the Garden Club.
3. The Drawing Club has one fourth of the children of the class.

If there are 200 students in the school, look at the above Chapati Chart and tell the number of members in each club:

• The Games Club has __ members.
• The Garden Club has __ members.
• There are __ members in the Drawing Club.

Getting Wet in the Rain

Who likes to get wet in the rain? A child made this Chapati Chart after asking his friends.

Those who like to get wet in the rain

Those who do not like to get wet in the rain

See the Chapati Chart and tell:

1. How many children like to get wet in the rain?

a) half

b) one-fourth

c) three-fourth

1. How many children do not like to get wet in the rain?

a) half

b) one-fourth

c) three-fourth

If the number of children in the class is 28, then tell the number

Of children

• who like to get wet in the rain

• who do not like to get wet in the rain

Tea, Coffee or Milk

Some children were asked which of these they liked most — Tea, Coffee or Milk.

 The drink they like Number of children Milk 20 Coffee 10 Tea 10

Total Number of children

Find out from the table:

• Children who like milk are ½/¼ of the total children.
• Children who like coffee are ½/¼ of the total children.

Show the liking for Tea, Coffee or Milk in a Chapati Chart.