QR Code Chapter 2

2. A Snake Charmer’s Story

I am Aryanath

I can do something special which I am sure none of you can do!

Do you know what? I can play the been! You must be surprised.

Yes, I can make snakes dance by playing the been. I have learnt this art from my family members. We people are known as Kalbeliyas.

My grandfather Roshan Nathji was famous amongst our people.

He could easily catch many poisonous snakes. He tells me many stories about his past.

Come, listen to his story in his own words–

 A type of design which has snake jumbled up and there is a snake charmer in the middle of the design and he is playing a flute from his mouth.


Designs of this kind are used in rangoli, embroidery and as wall decoration in Saurashtra, Gujarat and South India

 A type of snake design.


Dadaji remembers

From the time of my grandfather and great grandfather, we have always been saperas (snake-charmers). Snakes have been an important part of our life. We used to move from village to village carrying our snakes in bamboo baskets.

Whenever we stopped in a village, a crowd would gather around us. We would then take out our snakes from our baskets.


A village scene is shown, in which a snake charmer is sitting on the ground with two round shaped bamboo baskets kept in front of him. The snake charmer is playing a flute like instrument called pungi from his mouth. In one of the baskets, a snake is dancing on the tune of pungi and the other basket is kept closed.


Even after the show, people would stay on. They knew that in our tinbox there were many types of medicines for them. We made these medicines from plants collected from the forests.

I had learnt all this from my grandfather. I felt nice that I could help people with my medicines even if doctors and hospitals were far off.

In return, people would give us some money or foodgrains. In this way we could manage our life.

Sometimes, I was called to places where someone had been bitten by a snake. From the marks of the bite I tried to find out which snake had bitten the person.

I would then give a medicine for that. But I have not always been on time to help. As you know, some snake bites can even cause death on the spot. But most of the snakes are not poisonous.

Sometimes, when some farmers would come running for help shouting “snake, snake”, I would catch that snake.

After all, catching snakes was something I had been doing since my childhood.

Oh, those were the good days. We could help a lot of people in many ways. We also entertained them. It was not like today when everyone watches TV for entertainment.

When I grew older, my father taught me how to remove their poisonous teeth (fangs). He also taught me how to close the tube of poison in the snake’s mouth.

What can we do

Aryanath! your father used to travel with me ever since he was a young child. He learnt to play the been without being taught.

These days it is diffcult. Now the government has made a law that no one can catch wild animals and keep them. Some people kill the animals and sell their skins at high prices. So they made a law against this. Now, with this law, how will we earn our livelihood? We people have never killed snakes, and sold their skin. People say that we keep the snakes in bad

Teacher’s Note: If possible, explain about poisonous fangs, ducts and their removal by showing visual aids.

conditions. If we wanted, we too could have earned a lot of money by killing snakes. But we would never do that. Snakes are our treasure, that we pass on from one generation to another. We even gift snakes to our daughters when they get married. In our Kalbelia dance we also have movements similar to the dance of the snake.

Aryanath, you will have to make a different life for yourself. You have got your father’s gift of playing the been. You and your cousins can form a been party and entertain people.

But do not waste this knowledge about snakes you have got from your elders.

In an open area, few people are gathered at a party and some men dressed up in dhoti kurtas and wearing turbans on their heads are playing been instruments from their mouth.

Musical instruments used in been party 

Been, tumba, khanjiri and dhol. Except dhol all the other three instruments are made from dried gourd (lauki)

Share your knowledge about snakes with children who live in towns and cities. Tell them, that they should not be scared of snakes. Help them to recognise poisonous snakes.

Tell them how snakes are friends of the farmers. They eat the rats in the fields, otherwise rats would eat the crops.

Now you tell our story. Also make a new story of your life, to tell your grandchildren.

A lady dancing in an upside down manner.

Kalbeliya dance

Teacher’s Note : This narrative focuses on the relationship and interdependence between snake charmers and snakes. By talking about more such communities it can be clarified that most of them do not treat animals badly (which is a common perception). We should also not hurt/tease animals.


  • Have you ever seen animals being used for entertainment of people? (For example, in a circus, on the road, or in a park)
– When and where did you see this?
– Which animal show did you see?
  • How did people behave with the animals in the show?
  • Was anyone teasing the animals? How?
  • What kind of questions came to your mind after seeing that animal show?

Imagine that you are an animal in a cage. Think how you would feel. Complete the following sentences :


  • I am afraid when


  • I wish I
  • I am sad when
  • If I had a chance I would

  • I do not like it at all when


A lion sitting in a cage.

Do you know?

Of the many kinds of snakes found in our country, only four types of snakes are poisonous. They are: Cobra, Common Krait, Russel’s Viper (Duboiya), Saw-scaled Viper (Afai).

A snake has two hollow teeth (fangs). When it bites, the poison enters the person's body through the fangs. There is a medicine for snake bites.

The medicine is made from the snake's poison and is available in all government hospitals.

A snake with circular patterns on its body and is named as Afai.



A snake with dotted pattern on its body and is named as Cobra.


A snake with chain like pattern on its body and is named as Duboiya.


A snake with lines on its body and is named as Krait.



  • Like snake-charmers, which other people depend on animals for their livelihood?



Survey–People who keep animals

Talk to some people in your neighbourhood who keep one or more animals for their livelihood–for example, a horse for a tonga, hens for eggs, etc.

  • Name the animal they keep?
  • How many animals are there?
  • Is there a separate place for the animals?

Teacher’s Note : Make crossword Puzzles on animals and ask them to collect more details of these animals and discuss.

  • Who looks after them?
  • What do the animals eat?
  • Do the animals ever fall ill? What does the keeper do then?
  • Make some more questions and discuss.
  • Make a report on your project and read it out in the class.

Make a snake puppet

  • Take an old pair of socks.
  • Put one on your arm.
  • Stick buttons or bindis for the eyes.
  • Cut out a long red strip of paper for using as the tongue and stick it in the place as shown.
  • On the other side of the paper make a ‘V’ shaped cut.
  • Your snake is ready!

A hand wearing a snake puppet glove.

Now you can play with this puppet!

What we have learnt 

The government has made a law that no one can catch and keep snakes. What do you think about this law? Give reasons for your answer and write in your own words.