What is the major cause of air pollution? Write the various tips for minimizing the wastage of petrol/diesel while driving vehicles.

Burning of fossil fuels is the major cause of air pollution. Burning of fossil fuels affects the environment because they release carbon dioxide and other harmful gases such as Sulphur dioxide, nitrogen oxides and carbon monoxides. These gases trap heat in the earth’s atmosphere and causes global warming which contributes to global climate change. It is therefore necessary that we use these fuels only when absolutely necessary. This will result in better environment, smaller risk of global warming and their availability for a longer period of time. In India, the Petroleum Conservation Research Association (PCRA) advises people how to save petrol or diesel while driving. Their tips are:

● Drive at a constant and moderate speed as far as possible

● Switch off the engine at traffic lights or at a place where you have to wait,

● Make sure there is correct tyre pressure, and

● Ensure regular maintenance of the vehicle.