Lakhmir Singh & Manjit Kaur - Science

Book: Lakhmir Singh & Manjit Kaur - Science

Chapter: 18. Pollution of Air and Water

Subject: Chemistry - Class 8th

Q. No. 29 of Long Answer Type Questions

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What is acid rain? How is acid rain caused? What are the harmful effects of acid rain?

The industries such as oil refineries, rubber processing, automobiles and chemical industries have been responsible for the emission of air pollutants. These pollutants include Sulphur dioxide and nitrogen dioxide which reacts with water vapors in the atmosphere to form sulphuric acid and nitric acid. These acids combine with rain and makes the rain water acidic. This is called Acid rain. Following are the harmful effects of acid rain:

Acid rain is very harmful for fish and other animals. It makes the water acidic and causes them to absorb the aluminum that makes its way from soil into lakes and streams.

Increased acidity of water due to acid rain adversely affects the growth and reproduction ability of fishes.

It damages buildings, monuments and statues.

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