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The incomplete combustion of firewood in homes produces a very poisonous gas X. When inhaled, gas X combines with the substance Y present in blood and reduces the capacity of blood to carry gas Z causing respiratory problems and suffocation. What are X, Y and Z?
The incomplete combustion of firewood in homes produces a very poisonous gas X which is known as Carbon monoxide. When inhaled, Carbon monoxide combines with the substance Y known as Haemoglobin which is present in blood. Carbon monoxide combines with the haemoglobin of our blood. It reduces the oxygen carrying capacity of blood causing respiratory problems and suffocation. Hence, the substance Z is Oxygen.
The farmers use large amounts of a substance P in the fields to increase the crop yield. The excess of P dissolves in water and runs into a lake. The substance P causes rapid growth of tiny green water plants Q in the lake which cover the whole lake like a green sheet. When the plants Q die, the organisms called R decompose them by utilizing S dissolved in lake water. The amount of dissolved Sin water decreases too much due to which the fish living in lake suffocate and die. What are P, Q, R and S?
At many places the wastewater containing human excreta from homes and carried in big underground pipes is dumped into a river as such which pollutes the river water.
(a) What is the common name of such wastewater?
(b) Name five types of harmful organisms contained in it.
(c) Name any five human diseases caused by drinking river water contaminated with such wastewater.
Match the items given in column I with one or more items given in column II:
(i) Prevents photosynthesis
(a) Sewage dumped in river
(ii)Damage ozone layer
(b) Excess fertilizer in fields
(iii) Produce acid rain
(c) Carbon dioxide in air
(iv) Kill fish by deoxygenating water
(d) Dust in air
(v) Causes water borne diseases
(vi) Leads to global warming in air
(j) Sulphur dioxide