Themes In Indian History - Important Questions

Book: Themes In Indian History - Important Questions

Chapter: 4. Thinkers Beliefs and Buildings

Subject: History - Class 12th

Q. No. 8 of Long Answer (4 Marks)

Listen NCERT Audio Books - Kitabein Ab Bolengi


How did Sutta Pitaka reconstruct the philosophy of Buddhism? Write in short about Buddhist Tipitaka.

Sutta Pitaka has reconstructed the philosophy of Buddhism in the following ways:

a. Some stories suggest that Buddha had miraculous powers. Some stories suggest that he tried to convince people through reason and Persuasion rather than the display of supernatural power.

b. When a grief-stricken woman, whose child had died, came to the Buddha he sympathetically convinced her about the inevitability of death rather than bringing her son back to life.

c. It also explains the five ways through which a master can look after his servants and employees which were:

i. By assigning them to work according to their strength.

ii. By tending them in sickness.

iii. By sharing delicacies with them.

iv. By supplying them with food and wages.

v. By granting leaves on time.

d. Buddha also instructed on how to behave with parents, teachers, and wife.people:

e.The world is transient and constantly changing.

f. It is soulless because there is nothing permanent or eternal in it.

g. Within this transient world, sorrow is intrinsic to human existence.

h. It is by following the path of moderation between severe penance and self-indulgence that humans can rise above these worldly troubles.

i. In the earliest forms of Buddhism whether or not God existed was irrelevant.

j. The social world is the creation of humans rather than of divine origin.

k. The Kings were advised to be human and ethical.

l. The individual effort was expected to transform social relations.

m. Individual agency and righteous actions are a means to escape from the cycle of rebirth and attain self-realization.

n. It will not only extinguish the ego and desire but will also bring an end to the cycle of suffering for those who renounced the world.

Tipitaka is a compilation of the teachings of the Buddha compiled by his disciples after his death. It literally means three baskets to hold different types of text. The main features of it are:

a. The Vinaya Pitaka included the rules and regulations for those who joined the Sangha or the monastic order.

b. The Sutta Pitaka included the teachings of the Buddha.

c. The Abhidhamma Pitaka dealt with philosophical matters. Each Pitaka comprised a number of texts.


Chapter Exercises

More Exercise Questions