Describe the three factors that accounted for the constant expansion of agriculture during the 16th and 17th centuries.

The three factors that contributed towards the constant expansion of agriculture during 16th and 17th centuries are as follows –

• Abundance of land.

• Availability of labour.

• Mobility of peasants.

The most frequently cultivated crops were rice, wheat and millets. The cultivation was dependent on monsoons but artificial irrigation systems were also available. The digging of new canals and repair of the old was state-sponsored. Agriculture continued to be labour intensive even with the introduction of new technologies that harnessed animal power.