Themes In Indian History - Important Questions

Book: Themes In Indian History - Important Questions

Chapter: 13. Mahatma Gandhi and The Nationalist Movement

Subject: History - Class 12th

Q. No. 4 of Short Answer (3 Marks)

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Why was the charkha chosen as a symbol of nationalism?

Gandhiji used to operate on the charkha daily. He made it one symbol of nationalism due to the following reasons:

(A) Manual labour was symbolised by the Charkha. Mahatma Gandhi believed in labour’s dignity. He liked to work using his own hands. However, he regarded charkha as one exquisite piece of machinery.

(B) Machines were opposed by Gandhiji as he believed that they enslaved humans. He instead adopted charkha because he wished to glorify the dignity related to manual labour and not of the technology and machines.

(C) Gandhiji also believed that charkha could make a human self-reliant since it added to his income.

(D) The operation of spinning at charkha made Gandhiji able to break the restrictions of traditional caste system.

Factually, Gandhiji desired to make charkha as a symbol of nationalism which is why he encouraged other nationalist leaders to spin at charkha for some time daily.


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