Themes In Indian History - Important Questions

Book: Themes In Indian History - Important Questions

Chapter: 13. Mahatma Gandhi and The Nationalist Movement

Subject: History - Class 12th

Q. No. 6 of Short Answer (3 Marks)

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Why were the dialogues at the Round Table Conference inconclusive?

The Round Table Conference dialogues were inconclusive because of the following factors:

(A) The First Round Table Conference took place in November 1930 during the time when the Civil Disobedience Movement was being conducted by the Congress. Thus, none of its leaders were there in the conference and with no Congress participation, it could not become successful.

(B) The Second Round Table Conference took place in February 1931. A month earlier, Mahatma Gandhi was released free from jail. Hence, he volunteered in the Conference. Gandhi Irwin pact was then signed and the British government provided their agreement on the withdrawal of salt law partly. But the agreement faced criticism as it did not talk regarding complete independence of India.

(C) The Third Round Table Conference the latter half of 1931 during which the fresh constitutional developments were not accepted because other participants of the Conference explained Congress as representation of a smaller group of Indians but not the whole population. Gandhiji represented as the only representative of Congress. But his representation was seen to be challenged by the Muslim League, B.R. Ambedkar and the Princes.

Under such circumstances of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar, Moslem League and the attitude of the princely states, the Conference became inconclusive and could not form any decision.


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