Themes In Indian History - Important Questions

Book: Themes In Indian History - Important Questions

Chapter: 14. Understanding Partition

Subject: History - Class 12th

Q. No. 6 of Short Answer (3 Marks)

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Why was British India partitioned?

Various factors can be linked with the partition of British India. Some of them are:

(A) Role Communal Parties and Organisations Played:

Various scholars and historians think that the major purpose of the Muslim League’s foundation was to serve the Muslims’ interests. In retaliation, the Hindu Mahasabha was founded. The Muslim League demanded more political rights for the Muslims in retaliation of which some of the Hindus took steps and established this Mahasabha in the year 1915. The Hindu Mahasabha also demanded representation and more political rights of the Hindus in the different government organizations. Following those footsteps, the Sikh League was founded. Akali Dal also put forward demand for their persons. Indirectly or directly, these political parties assisted separation. They formed feeling of isolation and separation among various communities.

(B) British Policy:

The British followed one policy of Divide and Rule in India. The Muslims as well as the Hindus lived happily before the arrival of the British in India. There was mutual cooperation, brotherhood and unity among them which the British did not like. They sowed the seeds of hatred and followed that policy which is believed to be the major reason of the partition.

The British journalists, writers and historians propagated via their writings that Muslim invaders enslaved the Hindus while being exploited for centuries.

(C) Role of British Government:

The British Government further encouraged partition while encourage the Muslim League to demand for a distinct, separate state. They attempted to disrupt the movement relating to independence by playing the game involving imperialism.

(D) Role of Leaders:

Leaders were also responsible for the partition, whereby under Jinnah’s leadership, the Muslim League moved one resolution at Lahore that demanded a measure of autonomy for the area comprising of Muslim majority and after that a fresh nation, Pakistan. Mohammad Iqbal, the great poet, in the year 1930, also spoke regarding the requirement for a Muslim state in north-west India.


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