Social Science- Our Pasts III- Part-II

Book: Social Science- Our Pasts III- Part-II

Chapter: 11. The Making of the National Movement: 1870s-1947

Subject: Social Science - Class 8th

Q. No. 6 of Let's Discuss

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How was the politics of the Radicals within the Congress different from that of the Moderates?

The politics of the radicals within the Congress was different from that of the moderates. The radicals were proposed to the “politics of prayers” followed by the Moderates within the congress. They explored more radical objectives and methods.


a. The radicals opposed the moderate’s ‘policy of petitions’ and ‘resolutions’.

b. They laid stress on self-reliance and constructive work.

c. Radicals demanded ‘Swaraj’ from the British rule.

d. The extremists advocated the radical methods of strikes and boycott for the fulfillment of their demands.


a. Wanted self-government or Swaraj within the British Empire.

b. Their whole attitude was of reconciliation and not confrontation.

c. They would do nothing which would offend the British rulers.

d. The demands were presented to the British through petitions, meetings, speeches and resolutions.


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