Describe the process of neutralization with the help of an example.
The reaction between an acid and a base is known as neutralization. Neutralization reaction result in the formation of salt and water. During this reaction, energy in the form of heat is evolved.
Acid + Base Salt + Water + Heat
Example: When sodium hydroxide (NaOH) is added to hydrochloric acid (HCl), sodium chloride (NaCl) and water are obtained.
Mark “T” if the statement is true and “F” if it is false:
i. Nitric acid turns red litmus blue. (T/F)
ii. Sodium hydroxide turns blue litmus red. (T/F)
iii. Sodium hydroxide and hydrochloric acid neutralize each other and form salt and water. (T/F)
iv. Indicator is a stub stance which shows different colours in acidic and basic solutions. (T/F)
v. Tooth decay is caused by the presence of a base. (T/F)
Dorji has a few bottles of soft drink in his restaurant. But, unfortunately, these are not labeled. He has to serve the drinks on the demand of customers. One customer wants acidic drink; another wants basic and third one wants neutral drink. How will Dorji decide which drink is to be served to whom?
Consider the following statements:
a. Both acids and bases change colour of all indicators.
b. If an indicator gives a colour change with an acid, it does not give a change with a base.
c. If an indicator changes colour with a base, it does not change colour with an acid.
d. Change of colour in an acid and a base depends on the type of the indicator.
Which of these statements are correct?
i. All four ii. a and b
iii. b and c iv. Only d