Describe the process of neutralization with the help of an example.

The reaction between an acid and a base is known as neutralization. Neutralization reaction result in the formation of salt and water. During this reaction, energy in the form of heat is evolved.

Acid + Base Salt + Water + Heat

Example: When sodium hydroxide (NaOH) is added to hydrochloric acid (HCl), sodium chloride (NaCl) and water are obtained.