What is nuclear fusion? Explain with an example. Write the equation of the reaction involved.
The process that fuels our sun and allows it to give off that much energy is called nuclear fusion. Nuclear fusion is a reaction where two atomic nuclei fuse together to create a larger nucleus and in the process release energy.
When deuterium atoms are heated to an extremely high temperature under extremely high pressure, then two deuterium nuclei combine together to form a heavy nucleus of helium, and a neutron is emitted. A tremendous amount of energy is liberated in the process.