A nuclear reaction is represented by the following equation:

(a) Name the process represented by this equation and describe what takes place in this reaction.

(b) Identify the particle c and the number x of such particles produced in the reaction.

(c) What does E represent?

(d) Name one installation where the above nuclear reaction is utilized.

(e) What type of bomb is based on similar type of reactions?

(a) Nuclear fission in which large nucleus splits into two smaller nuclei with the release of energy, brought about by the absorption of a neutron.

(b) Particle c is neutron; x = 3

(c) E represents the Energy liberated

(d) The reaction is utilized in Nuclear Power Station

(e) Atom bomb is based on similar type of reaction called nuclear fusion.