NCERT - Economics

Book: NCERT - Economics

Chapter: 4. Food Security in India

Subject: Social Science - Class 9th

Q. No. 1 of Suggested Activity Pg-48

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Gather detailed information about some of the programmes initiated by the government, which have food components.

Programmes initiated by the government which have food component : There are many programmes having food component launched by the government to fulfill the scarcity of food and eradicat the starvation, These programmes are Rural Wage Employment Programmes, Employment Guarantee Scheme, Sampurna Grameen Rozgar yojana, Mid-day meal scheme, integrated child development services etc.

1. Mid-day Meal Scheme (MMS), 1995: The scheme was launched for the benefit of students in primary schools. This was a Central Government sponsored scheme under which food grains are supplied free of cost at the rate of 100 grams per child per school per day besides this cooked hot meal with a minimum content of 300 calories is served in school.

2. Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) Scheme, 1975: This scheme’s target was to serve the most vulnerable groups of population including children upto 6 years of age, nursing mothers and pregnant women. This scheme provided the package of services such as supplementary nutrition, preschool education, immunization, health check-up, referral services, and nutrition along with health education.

3. Sampurna Grameen Rozgar Yojana (SGRY), 2001: This Yojana was introduced by merging the two earlier programmes named Jawahar Gram Samriddhi Yojana and Employment Assurance Scheme. It was also a central government sponsored scheme. As parts of the wages, 5 kilograms of good grains per man per day is ensured to provide to all unemployed rural workers and the remaining parts of the wages are paid in cash. With the help of this scheme around 100 crore man-days are said to be generated.


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