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How does the author describe:
(i) his father
(ii) his mother
(i) His father: Abdul Kalam's father, Jainulabdeen, was not a wealthy or educated person. However, he was an honest and generous man with strong innate wisdom. He was self-disciplined and used to avoid all inessential luxuries but provided all the necessities needed for living.
(ii) His mother: Abdul Kalam’s mother, Ashiamma, was an embodiment of goodness and kindness who was an ideal helpmate to her husband. She also possessed immense hospitality skills and fed many people every day.
(iii) Himself: The author describes himself as a short boy with undistinguished looks, who had a secure childhood. He is a self-disciplined and honest person with a considerate attitude.
Discuss these questions in class with your teacher and then write down your answer in two or three paragraphs each.
"On the whole, the small society of Rameswaram was very rigid in terms of the segregation of different social groups," says the author.
(i) Which social groups does he mention? Were these groups easily identifiable (for example, by the way they dressed)?
(ii) Were they aware only of their differences or did they also naturally share friendships and experiences? (Think of the bedtime stories in Kalam's house; of who his friends were; and of what used to take place in the pond near his house.)
(iii) The author speaks both of people who were very aware of the differences among them and those who tried to bridge these differences. Can you identify such people in the text?
(iv) Narrate two incidents that show how differences can be created, and also how they can be resolved. How can people change their attitudes?