Match the principles with the instances:

(a) Mapping of boundaries on religious grounds

i. Pakistan and Bangladesh

(b) Mapping of boundaries on grounds of different languages

ii. India and Pakistan

(c) Demarcating boundaries within a country by geographical zones

iii. Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh

(d) Demarcating boundaries within a country on administrative and political grounds

iv. Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand

(a)-(ii); (b)-(iv); (c)-(i); (d)-(iii)

1. Pakistan and Bangladesh – After August 1947 i.e. partition of Pakistan and India, Pakistan was further separated as west and East Pakistan and both were separated by India in the midst.

2. India and Pakistan – India consisted of not one but two ‘people’, Hindus and Muslims. That is why it demanded Pakistan, a separate country for the Muslims.

3. Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh- Jharkhand was carved out from Bihar while Chhattisgarh from Madhya Pradesh, the reason given were on the basis of easier administration and on the political grounds.

Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand – Both the states are on hilly region but separate in many ways, first being different native language in both the states.