What were the major differences in the approach towards development at the time of Independence? Has the debate been resolved?
After Independence there were plenty of works for the government to do priority being economy. During the time development was being industrialized like the west, but there was need of both economic development and social justice.
The idea of development varied broadly:
1. The common perception of Development was becoming modernized which involved breakdown of traditional social structure
2. After independence India had two models of development one was Europe’s and US’s liberal-Capital model and other USSR’s socialist model.
3. Many including Communist Party of India and leaders like Nehru were impressed by Soviet model and very few favored American model.
Yes the debate was resolved and India came up with five year plan (FYP) as in USSR. In this the government prepares a document for five year where all its income and expenditure for next five years is prepared.
(a) Charan Singh
(b) P C Mahalanobis
(c) Bihar Famine
(d) Verghese Kurien
iv. Milk Cooperatives
Read the following passage and answer the questions below:
“In the early years of Independence, two contradictory tendencies were already well advanced inside the Congress party. On the one hand, the national party executive endorsed socialist principles of state ownership, regulation and control over key sectors of the economy in order to improve productivity and at the same time curb economic concentration. On the other hand, the national Congress government pursued liberal economic policies and incentives to private investment that was justified in terms of the sole criterion of achieving maximum increase in production. “ — Francine Frankel
(a) What is the contradiction that the author is talking about? What would be the political implications of a contradiction like this?
(b) If the author is correct, why is it that the Congress was pursuing this policy? Was it related to the nature of the opposition parties?
(c) Was there also a contradiction between the central leadership of the Congress party and its Sate level leaders?