What was the major thrust of the First Five Year Plan? In which ways did the Second Plan differ from the first one?
The first FYP was commenced in 1951, and it’s main thrust were:
1. To invest in dams and irrigation to improve agriculture with urgent attention.
2. Huge allocation was made to Bhakra Nagal dam.
3. It focused more on land reforms to develop the rural areas.
4. The foremost aim was to increase the level of National Income.
First FYP was different from second FYP :
1. In second FYP heavy industrialization was stressed upon whereas in first FYP, agriculture and irrigation were focused upon.
2. the first plan had preached patience, the second wanted to bring about quick structural transformation by making changes simultaneously in all possible directions.
(a) Charan Singh
(b) P C Mahalanobis
(c) Bihar Famine
(d) Verghese Kurien
iv. Milk Cooperatives
Read the following passage and answer the questions below:
“In the early years of Independence, two contradictory tendencies were already well advanced inside the Congress party. On the one hand, the national party executive endorsed socialist principles of state ownership, regulation and control over key sectors of the economy in order to improve productivity and at the same time curb economic concentration. On the other hand, the national Congress government pursued liberal economic policies and incentives to private investment that was justified in terms of the sole criterion of achieving maximum increase in production. “ — Francine Frankel
(a) What is the contradiction that the author is talking about? What would be the political implications of a contradiction like this?
(b) If the author is correct, why is it that the Congress was pursuing this policy? Was it related to the nature of the opposition parties?
(c) Was there also a contradiction between the central leadership of the Congress party and its Sate level leaders?