Identify any two aspects of India’s foreign policy that you would like to retain and two that you would like to change if you were to become a decision maker. Give reasons to support your position.
Aspects of India's Foreign policy to be retained-
• India’s image of a peaceful and non-violent country is definitely an attribute ought to be retained. India by nature is a country that believes in non-violence as means to achieve its ends. India’s support for Indonesia's independence and also in the independence of various other African countries shows its character of peace, non-violence and sovereignty.
• India’s initiative of non-alignment is also a feature to be retained. The non-aligned initiative showed India's respect for sovereignty and independence.
Aspects to be changed-
• The three wars that India fought blurred its image of being a peaceful nation. Also, its image of being non-violent played a very little role.
• The wars faded in India's image among the newly independent African and South Asian countries that were now dubious about India. Also, conflicts between countries affected the functioning of the organisations like SAARC.
Write ‘true’ or ‘false’ against each of these statements.
(a) Non-alignment allowed India to gain assistance both from USA and USSR.
(b) India’s relationship with her neighbours has been strained from the beginning.
(c) The cold war has affected the relationship between India and Pakistan.
(d) The Treaty of Peace and Friendship in 1971 was the result of India’s closeness to the USA.
(a) The goal of India’s foreign policy in the period 1950-1964
i. Tibetan spiritual leader who crossed over to India
ii. Preservation of territorial integrity, sovereignty and economic development
(c) Bandung Conference
iii. Five principles of peaceful coexistence
(d) Dalai Lama
iv. Led to the establishment of NAM
India’s foreign policy was built around the principles of peace and cooperation. But India fought three wars in a space of ten years between 1962 and 1971. Would you say that this was a failure of the foreign policy? Or would you say that this was a result of international situation? Give reasons to support your answer.
Read this passage and answer the questions below:
“Broadly, non-alignment means not tying yourself off with military blocs….It means trying to view things, as far as possible, not from the military point of view, though that has to come in sometimes, but independently, and trying to maintain friendly relations with all countries.” — Jawaharlal Nehru
(a) Why does Nehru want to keep off military blocs?
(b) Do you think that the Indo-Soviet friendship treaty violated the principle of non-alignment? Give reasons for your answer.
(c) If there were no military blocs, do you think non-alignment would have been unnecessary?