State whether the following statements regarding the Emergency are

correct or incorrect.

(a) It was declared in 1975 by Indira Gandhi.

(b) It led to the suspension of all fundamental rights.

(c) It was proclaimed due to the deteriorating economic conditions.

(d) Many Opposition leaders were arrested during the emergency.

(e) CPI supported the proclamation of the Emergency.

(a) Incorrect

Explanation – Prime Minister Indira Gandhi who had President Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed proclaim a state of emergency declared across the country. Officially issued by the under Article 352(1) of the constitution.

(b) Correct

Explanation – During national emergency many Fundamental Rights of Indian Citizens were suspended. According the constitution Right to Life and Personal Liberty cannot be suspended. During the emergency declared by Indira Gandhi the government decided to suspend even those two rights by dispensing with Habeas Corpus.

(c) Incorrect

Explanation – Emergency by Mrs. Gandhi was declared because of the prevailing “internal disturbance”, economic conditions were another factor. The emergency was in effect from 25 June 1975 until its withdrawal on 21 March 1977.

(d) Correct

Explanation – Many leaders on the opposition parties of Jan Sangh, Bhartiya Lok Dal, Socialist Party, etc were arrested during emergency. Some of the leaders were Arun Jaitely, Ravi Shankar Prasad and Shushma Swaraj. They were arrested under different protest and disagreement with the Indira government in emergency.

(e) Correct

Explanation – Along with the Entire congress party the CPI whole heartedly supported the proclamation of the emergency, and also the Soviet Union described it as a “blow to a right-wing plot”.