What were the reasons which led to the mid-term elections in 1980?

There were several reasons which led to the mid-term elections in 1980, which defeated Janata Party and again Congress led by Indira Gandhi came back to power by winning 353 seats, these were the following :-

1. Janata Party lacked direction, leadership and common programme. They were busy arguing with one another and didn’t direct their policies together.

2. Janata Party government could not bring a fundamental change in policies pursued by congress. They lacked in creating a stronger unified alternate.

3. There was a split in Janata Party and the government led by Morarji Desai which lost its majority in less than 18 months.

4. Charan Singh government was formed due to support of congress party which later decided to withdraw its support resulting resignation of Charan Singh government within four months.