Why did the Anandpur Sahib Resolution become controversial?
In 1970s Akali Dal started to demand Political autonomy in Punjab, and passed a resolution at Anandpur Sahib conference.
1. The Anandpur Sahib Resolution asserted regional autonomy and wanted to redefine centre-state relationship in the country.
2. The resolution also spoke of the aspirations of the Sikh qaum (community or nation) and declared its goal as attaining the bolbala (dominance or hegemony) of the Sikhs.
3. The Resolution was a plea for strengthening federalism, but it could also be interpreted as a plea for a separate Sikh nation.
4. The Resolution had a limited appeal among the Sikh masses.
The resolution was controversial due to:
1. The Akali dal government was dismissed.
2. the leadership of the movement passed from the moderate Akalis to the extremist elements and took the form of armed insurgency.
3. These militants made their headquarters inside the Sikh holy shrine, the Golden Temple in Amritsar, and turned it into an armed fortress.
4. In June 1984, the Government of India carried out ‘Operation Blue Star’, code name for army action in the Golden Temple. In this operation, the government could successfully flush out the militants, but it also damaged the historic temple and deeply hurt the sentiments of the Sikhs.
Nature of regional aspirations
(a) Socio-religious identity leading to statehood
i. Nagaland /Mizoram
(b) Linguistic identity and tensions with Centre
ii. Jharkhand /Chattisgarh
(c) Regional imbalance leading to demand for Statehood
(d) Secessionist demands on account of tribal identity
iv. Tamil Nadu
Regional aspirations of the people of north-east get expressed in different ways. These include movements against outsiders, movement for greater autonomy and movement for separate national existence. On the map of the north-east, using different shades for these three, show the States where these expressions are prominently found.
Read the passage and answer the questions below:
One of Hazarika’s songs.. … dwells on the unity theme; the seven states of north-eastern India become seven sisters born of the same mother. …. ‘Meghalaya went own way…., Arunachal too separated and Mizoram appeared in Assam’s gateway as a groom to marry another daughter.’ ….. …. .. The song ends with a determination to keep the unity of the Assamese with other smaller nationalities that are left in the present-day Assam – ‘the Karbis and the Mising brothers and sisters are our dear ones.’ — Sanjib Baruah
(a) Which unity is the poet talking about?
(b) Why were some States of north-east created separately out of the erstwhile State of Assam?
(c) Do you think that the same theme of unity could apply to all the regions of India? Why?