Politics In India Since Indepen

Book: Politics In India Since Indepen

Chapter: 8. Regional Aspirations

Subject: Social Science - Class 12th

Q. No. 5 of Exercises

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Explain the internal divisions of the State of Jammu and Kashmir and describe how these lead to multiple regional aspirations in that State.

The Kashmir region has always been into controversy both due to external and internal matters. External disputes with Pakistan in which It claims Kashmir as its territory.

Internally, there is a dispute about the status of Kashmir within the Indian union.

The internal divisions of Kashmir:

1. Kashmir is a valley, with Kashmiri speaking Muslim and Hindu where Hindus are in minority.

2. Jammu a plain region on the foothills compromise of Hindu, Muslim and Sikh.

3. Ladakh is the upper region with a little population of Muslim and Budhhists.

These internal divisions lead to multiple regional aspiration in the state:

1. There is one strand of separatists who want a separate Kashmiri nation, independent of India and Pakistan.

2. Then there are groups that want Kashmir to merge with Pakistan.

3. There is a third strand which wants greater autonomy for the people of the state within the Indian union.

4. The idea of autonomy attracts the people of Jammu and Ladakh regions in a different way. They often complain of neglect and backwardness.


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