What are the various positions on the issue of regional autonomy for Kashmir? Which of these do you think are justifiable? Give reasons for your answer.
Various positions on the issue of regional Autonomy for Kashmir:
1. Kashmiris were promised to make accession on reference of people after situation created by tribal invasion becomes normal. But it has not been fulfilled.
2. Special granted to Jammu Kashmir under art 370 provides federal status, but the status has been eroded practically which led to demand of Greater State Autonomy.
3. There are many laws and acts that are not applicable in the region, hence it is also felt that democracy is not institutionalised in similar way as it is in rest part of the country.
The first position stated is justiciable because the situation would lead to plebiscite which would help Kashmir to protect its regional autonomy in democratic manner.
Nature of regional aspirations
(a) Socio-religious identity leading to statehood
i. Nagaland /Mizoram
(b) Linguistic identity and tensions with Centre
ii. Jharkhand /Chattisgarh
(c) Regional imbalance leading to demand for Statehood
(d) Secessionist demands on account of tribal identity
iv. Tamil Nadu
Regional aspirations of the people of north-east get expressed in different ways. These include movements against outsiders, movement for greater autonomy and movement for separate national existence. On the map of the north-east, using different shades for these three, show the States where these expressions are prominently found.
Read the passage and answer the questions below:
One of Hazarika’s songs.. … dwells on the unity theme; the seven states of north-eastern India become seven sisters born of the same mother. …. ‘Meghalaya went own way…., Arunachal too separated and Mizoram appeared in Assam’s gateway as a groom to marry another daughter.’ ….. …. .. The song ends with a determination to keep the unity of the Assamese with other smaller nationalities that are left in the present-day Assam – ‘the Karbis and the Mising brothers and sisters are our dear ones.’ — Sanjib Baruah
(a) Which unity is the poet talking about?
(b) Why were some States of north-east created separately out of the erstwhile State of Assam?
(c) Do you think that the same theme of unity could apply to all the regions of India? Why?