The Assam movement was a combination of cultural pride and economic backwardness. Explain.
The Assam Movement from 1979 to 1985 is the best example movements against ‘outsiders’.
1. The Assamese suspected that there were huge numbers of illegal Bengali Muslim settlers from Bangladesh.
2. The movement was against illegal migrations, against domination of Bengalis and other outsiders, and against faulty voters’ register that included the names of lakhs of immigrants.
3. There was widespread poverty and unemployment in Assam despite the existence of natural resources like oil, tea and coal.
4. The agitation followed many novel methods and mobilised all sections of Assamese people, drawing support across the State.
Nature of regional aspirations
(a) Socio-religious identity leading to statehood
i. Nagaland /Mizoram
(b) Linguistic identity and tensions with Centre
ii. Jharkhand /Chattisgarh
(c) Regional imbalance leading to demand for Statehood
(d) Secessionist demands on account of tribal identity
iv. Tamil Nadu
Regional aspirations of the people of north-east get expressed in different ways. These include movements against outsiders, movement for greater autonomy and movement for separate national existence. On the map of the north-east, using different shades for these three, show the States where these expressions are prominently found.
Read the passage and answer the questions below:
One of Hazarika’s songs.. … dwells on the unity theme; the seven states of north-eastern India become seven sisters born of the same mother. …. ‘Meghalaya went own way…., Arunachal too separated and Mizoram appeared in Assam’s gateway as a groom to marry another daughter.’ ….. …. .. The song ends with a determination to keep the unity of the Assamese with other smaller nationalities that are left in the present-day Assam – ‘the Karbis and the Mising brothers and sisters are our dear ones.’ — Sanjib Baruah
(a) Which unity is the poet talking about?
(b) Why were some States of north-east created separately out of the erstwhile State of Assam?
(c) Do you think that the same theme of unity could apply to all the regions of India? Why?