All regional movements need not lead to separatist demands. Explain by giving examples from this chapter.
All regional movements need not lead to separatist demands because:
1. Regional aspirations are very much a part of democratic politics. A large and diverse democracy like India must deal with regional aspirations on a regular basis.
2. The best way to respond to regional aspirations is through democratic negotiations rather than through suppression. Example Militancy arose in Punjab, Kashmir Instead of treating these as simple law and order problems, the Government of India reached negotiated settlement with regional movements.
3. It is not sufficient to have a formal democratic structure. Besides that, groups and parties from the region need to be given share in power at the State level.
4. The regional imbalance in economic development contributes to the feeling of regional discrimination.
Nature of regional aspirations
(a) Socio-religious identity leading to statehood
i. Nagaland /Mizoram
(b) Linguistic identity and tensions with Centre
ii. Jharkhand /Chattisgarh
(c) Regional imbalance leading to demand for Statehood
(d) Secessionist demands on account of tribal identity
iv. Tamil Nadu
Regional aspirations of the people of north-east get expressed in different ways. These include movements against outsiders, movement for greater autonomy and movement for separate national existence. On the map of the north-east, using different shades for these three, show the States where these expressions are prominently found.
Read the passage and answer the questions below:
One of Hazarika’s songs.. … dwells on the unity theme; the seven states of north-eastern India become seven sisters born of the same mother. …. ‘Meghalaya went own way…., Arunachal too separated and Mizoram appeared in Assam’s gateway as a groom to marry another daughter.’ ….. …. .. The song ends with a determination to keep the unity of the Assamese with other smaller nationalities that are left in the present-day Assam – ‘the Karbis and the Mising brothers and sisters are our dear ones.’ — Sanjib Baruah
(a) Which unity is the poet talking about?
(b) Why were some States of north-east created separately out of the erstwhile State of Assam?
(c) Do you think that the same theme of unity could apply to all the regions of India? Why?