Match the following.
(a) Politics of Consensus
i. Shah Bano case
(b) Caste based parties
ii. Rise of OBCs
(c) Personal Law and Gender Justice
iii. Coalition government
(d) Growing strength of Regional parties
iv. Agreement on Economic policies
(a) Politics of Consensus – iv. Agreement on Economic policies
• This lack of consensus within the government is a serious hindrance to the effective implementation of economic policies. Agreement within the government is vitally important to implement economic policies effectively.
(b) Caste based parties – ii. Rise of OBCs
• Caste based parties gave a rise to OBC group. Vote-bank politics has a lot to do with the prioritising of caste-based categorisation (BJP) which wants to consolidate its support among OBCs as it seeks to cement its position as the dominant political force in the country.
(c) Personal law and gender justice – i. Shah Bano case
• Shah Bano case is seen as one of the milestones in Muslim women’s fight for rights in India and the battle against the set Muslim personal law. It laid the ground for thousands of women to make legitimate claims which they were not allowed before.
(d) Growing strength of Regional parties – iii. Coalition government
• In regional parties like (DMK, ADMK), Ethnic (Gorkha League, Bahujan Samaj Party), political ideology (CPIM), religious (Akali Dal), etc. Regional parties are now more powerful and play the role of king maker at both the central and state levels with coalition government.