What is the coordination entity formed when excess of aqueous KCN is added to an aqueous solution of copper sulphate? Why is it that no precipitate of copper sulphide is obtained when H2S(g) is passed through this solution?
CuSO4 + KCN ⇒ K2[Cu(CN)4] + K2SO4
[Cu(H2O)4]2+ + 4CN- ⇒ [Cu(CN)4]2- + 4H2O
The coordination entity formed is K2[Cu(CN)4] .
IUPAC name of the coordination entity is potassium tetracyanocuprate(II). It is a very stable complex. The copper atom present inside the coordination sphere does not separate out to form copper ions and cyanide ions due to strong bond between them.It does not ionize to give Cu2+ ions and hence on adding H2S , since there are no copper ions present so no precipitate of copper sulfide is formed.
Using IUPAC norms write the formulas for the following:
(i) Tetrahydroxidozincate (II)
(ii) Potassium tetrachloridopalladate (II)
(iii) Diamminedichloridoplatinum (II)
(iv) Potassium tetracyanidonickelate (II)
(v) Pentaamminenitrito-O-cobalt (III)
(vi) Hexaamminecobalt (III) sulphate
(vii) Potassium tri (oxalato) chromate (III)
(viii) Hexaammineplatinum (IV)
(ix) Tetrabromidocuprate (II)
(x) Pentaamminenitrito-N-cobalt (III)
Write down the IUPAC name for each of the following complexes and indicate the oxidation state, electronic configuration and coordination number. Also give stereochemistry and magnetic moment of the complex:
(i) K[Cr(H2O)2(C2O4)2].3H2O (iii) [CrCl3(py)3] (v) K4[Mn(CN)6]
(ii) [Co(NH3)5Cl-]Cl2 (iv) Cs[FeCl4]