Chemistry Part-I

Book: Chemistry Part-I

Chapter: 9. Coordination Compounds

Subject: Chemistry - Class 12th

Q. No. 20 of Exercises

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A solution of [Ni(H2O)6]2+ is green but a solution of [Ni(CN)4]2– is colourless. Explain.

In case of [Ni(H2O)6]2+ H2O is a weak field ligand , so it does not cause the pairing of the unpaired electron of Ni2+ ion. Thus there is possibility of the intra d-d transition from the d orbital of lower energy to that of higher energy. Thus the light is absorbed from the visible region and complimentary colour is observed. But in case of [Ni(CN)4]2– CN- is strong field ligand.

Therefore it will cause pairing of the unpaired electrons of Ni2+ ion. There are no unpaired electrons present, so there is no d-d transition and hence it is colourless.


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