Introductory Macroeconomics

Book: Introductory Macroeconomics

Chapter: 1. Introduction

Subject: Social Science - Class 12th

Q. No. 1 of Exercises

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What is the difference between microeconomics and macroeconomics?

Before we distinguish micro economics with macroeconomics, it is very important for us to understand the meaning of terms economics, micro and macro.

Economics – It is a social science, which is concerned with the production, distribution and consumption of goods and services. It is a study of allocation of scarce resources by individuals, businesses, governments and countries to satisfy their needs.

Micro – It means very small.

Macro – It means large

Microeconomics is that branch of economics which deals with the behavior of individual economic unit like a consumer or single commodity etc.

Macroeconomics is that branch of economics which deals with behavior of economy as a whole like national income, aggregate consumption, etc

The basic point of difference between these two branches of economics are explained below –

Points of Difference

Micro Economics

Macro Economics

1. Meaning

It is the study of individual economic units

It is the study of the economy as a whole

2. Deals with

Individual economic variables like individual demand, etc

Whole or total economic variables like aggregate demand, etc

3. Objectives

Allocation of resources and price determination

Determination of national income and employment of resources

4. Business Application

Applied to operational or internal issues

Applied to external and environmental issues

5. Importance

It is helpful in determining the prices of a product along with the prices of factors of production.

It maintains stability in the general price level and resolves the major problems of economy like inflation, deflation, unemployment, etc


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