A coin is tossed three times, where

(i) E : head on third toss, F : heads on first two tosses

(ii) E : at least two heads, F : at most two heads

(iii) E : at most two tails, F : at least one tail

Determine P(E|F)

The sample space of the given experiment will be:

S = {HHH, HHT, HTH, THH, HTT, THT, TTH, TTT}

(i) Here, E: head on third toss

And F: heads on first two tosses

⇒ E = {HHH, HTH, THH, TTH} and F = {HHH, HHT}

⇒ E ∩ F = {HHH}

So,

Now, we know that

By definition of conditional probability,

(ii) Here, E: at least two heads

And F: at most two heads

⇒ E = {HHH, HHT, HTH, THH} and F = {HHT, HTH, THH, HTT, THT, TTH, TTT}

⇒ E ∩ F = {HHT, HTH, THH}

So,

Now, we know that

By definition of conditional probability,

(iii) Here, E: at most two tails

And F: at least one tail

⇒ E = {HHH, HHT, HTH, THH, HTT, THT, TTH}

And F = {HHT, HTH, THH, HTT, THT, TTH, TTT}

So,

Now, we know that

By definition of conditional probability,

8