Mathematics Part-II

Book: Mathematics Part-II

Chapter: 13. Probability

Subject: Maths - Class 12th

Q. No. 2 of Exercise 13.4

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An urn contains 5 red and 2 black balls. Two balls are randomly drawn. Let X represent the number of black balls. What are the possible values of X? Is X a random variable?

Given: An urn containing 5 red and 2 black balls.

Let R represent red ball and B represent black ball.

Two balls are drawn randomly. Hence, the sample space of the experiment is S = {BB, BR, RB, RR}

X represents the number of black balls.

X(BB) = 2

X(BR) = 1

X(RB) = 1

X(RR) = 0

Therefore, X is a function on sample space whose range is {0, 1, 2}.

Thus, X is a random variable which can take the values 0, 1 or 2.


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