What is a neutralization reaction? Give two examples.

The reaction between an acid and a base to give a salt and water is known as neutralization reaction. That is:

Acid + Base Salt + Water


For example:


(i) Sodium hydroxide (NaOH) reacts with hydrochloric acid (HCl) to form sodium chloride (NaCl) and water:



(ii) Magnesium hydroxide reacts with hydrochloric acid to form magnesium chloride and water:



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