Alcohols are comparatively more soluble in water than hydrocarbons of comparable molecular masses. Explain this fact.

Due to the presence of –OH group, alcohols form hydrogen-bonds with water but hydrocarbons cannot form hydrogen-bonds with water.

Due to inter moleculer hydrogen bonding between Alcohol and water molecular they remain tightly bounded to water molecules and have higher solubility. Whereas in case of hydrocarbon there is no chance of hydrogen bonding.