##### What are the advantages of connecting electrical devices in parallel with the battery instead of connecting them in series?

The advantages of connecting electrical devices in parallel rather than series are as follows:

a) The voltage is same across all the elements in case of parallel circuits. Even if any one of the electrical devices stop working, it will not affect other electrical appliances and they will work normally. On the other hand, in series circuit, the current through all devices is same. If one electrical appliance stops, Then the whole circuit is broken and no current flows. As a result, all other appliances also stop working.

b) In case of parallel circuits, each electrical appliance works independently, i.e. it has its own switch. Each device can be turned on or turned off independently, without affecting other appliances. In series circuit, all the electrical appliances have only one switch due to which they cannot be turned on or turned off independently.

c) In parallel circuits, each electrical appliance gets the same voltage as that of the battery due to which all the appliances work properly. In series circuit, the appliances do not get the same voltage but get the same current. Each appliance has a different voltage.

d) In a parallel connection, the overall resistance of the circuit is reduced due to which the current from the battery is high and hence each electrical appliance can draw the required amount of current. In the series connection of electrical appliances, the net resistance is the sum of all the resistances, thereby increasing the overall resistance of the circuit. Due to this current formulation from the battery is low an all the electrical appliances cannot draw sufficient amount of current for their proper working.

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