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Core of an electromagnet must be of soft iron but not steel. Justify it.
The soft iron inside the coil makes the magnetic field
Stronger because it becomes a magnet itself when the current is flowing. That is, Soft iron is said to form a temporary magnet. In this way, the electromagnet can be switched on and off by turning the electricity on and off.
Mr. Sharma used to park his car in the basement of his house. One day in the morning he noticed that his basement is full of knee-deep water and its walls were wet because of the hours-long rain at night. When he entered the basement, he experienced a major shock. His father seeing him from outside, rushed to the main switch and switched it off and thus saved his life.
(a) Why Mr. Sharma experienced the shock?
(b) What precautions should Mr. Sharma take to avoid such incidences in future?
(c) Which qualities were shown by Mr. Sharma’s father?