State two reasons of launching the “Ganga Action Plan”. Which bacteria was found in Ganga’s water indicating contamination?

Two reasons for launching Ganga Action plan are-

a. To improve quality of water of River Ganga.

b. To reduce the pollution load of River Ganga and make people aware of preventing pollution of Ganga river.

This plan was launched in 1985 by Mr. Rajeev Gandhi.

Coliform bacteria were found in water of Ganga indicating contamination.