Show how can be represented on the number line.

Steps of construction:

Step 1: Let AB be a line of length 2 unit on the number line

Step 2: At B, draw a perpendicular line BC of length 1 unit and then join CA

Step 3: Now, ABC is a right angled triangle.

Using Pythagoras theorem,

AB^{2} + BC^{2} = CA^{2}

2^{2} + 1^{2} = CA^{2}

CA^{2} = 5

CA =

Thus, CA is a line of length unit

Step 4: Taking CA as a radius and A as the center, construct an arc touching the number line.

The number line gets intersected by arc at point which is distance from 0 as it is a radius of the circle with center A

Thus, is represented on the number line as shown in the figure below

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