What were the relative advantages of canal and railway transportation?

The relative advantages or canal and railway transportation are mentioned below.

Canal Transportation.

i. Was extensively used in coal transportation.

ii. The weight of coal made its transport by road slower whereas Canal Transportation increased the speed of the trade.

iii. On the other hand transportation by Canals was cheaper as compared to road transportation.

iv. Since the canals could be joined it led to marketing centres in new towns.

v. Internal and external trade was possible.

Railway Transportation

i. Railway transport was unaffected by rains and weather and hence it remain available throughout the year.

ii. It was cheaper.

iii. It was faster hence passenger preferred rail transport more and on the other hand good were also transported more through rail routes.

iv. Industrialisation attended its second stage because of invention of Railway Transportation.

v. Internal and external trade was possible.