Which natural resource are the ‘biodiversity hotspots’? Suggest what happens when there is a loss of biodiversity.

Hotspots are those areas which have a rich biological diversity and are under protection due to serious threat as a result of human activities. Forests are the natural resources which are referred to as biodiversity hotspots.

Loss of biodiversity causes imbalance in our ecosystem. Major effects are significant climate change, increased pollution, environmental stress, loss of forest cover and extinction of species.

Another significant effect is increased global warming.

Loss of biodiversity leads to over-exploitation of natural resources. Humans are largely dependent on forests and wildlife for obtaining various products. Biodiversity loss will greatly affect our daily lives.