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Find the points of discontinuity, if any, of the following functions :
A real function f is said to be continuous at x = c, where c is any point in the domain of f if :
where h is a very small ‘+ve’ no.
i.e. left hand limit as x → c (LHL) = right hand limit as x → c (RHL) = value of function at x = c.
This is very precise, using our fundamental idea of limit from class 11 we can summarise it as, A function is continuous at x = c if :
Here we have,
Function is defined for all real numbers so we need to comment about its continuity for all numbers in its domain ( domain = set of numbers for which f is defined )
Let c is any random number such that c ≠ 0 [thus c being random number, it is able to include all numbers except 0 ]
f(c) = [ using eqn 1]
∴ We can say that f(x) is continuous for all x ≠ 0
As x = 0 is a point at which function is changing its nature so we need to check the continuity here.
Since, f(0) = 7 [using eqn 1]
NOTE : Idea of logarithmic limit and exponential limit –
You must have read such limits in class 11. You can verify these by expanding log(1+x) and ex in its taylor form.
Numerator and denominator conditions also hold for this limit like sandwich theorem.
= [Using logarithmic and exponential limit as explained above, we have:]
∴ f(x) is discontinuous at x = 0
Hence, f is continuous for all x ≠ 0 but discontinuous at x = 0