## Book: RD Sharma - Mathematics (Volume 1)

### Chapter: 17. Increasing and Decreasing Functions

#### Subject: Maths - Class 12th

##### Q. No. 1 of Exercise 17.2

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##### Find the intervals in which the following functions are increasing or decreasing.

Given:- Function

Theorem:- Let f be a differentiable real function defined on an open interval (a,b).

(i) If f’(x) > 0 for all , then f(x) is increasing on (a, b)

(ii) If f’(x) < 0 for all , then f(x) is decreasing on (a, b)

Algorithm:-

(i) Obtain the function and put it equal to f(x)

(ii) Find f’(x)

(iii) Put f’(x) > 0 and solve this inequation.

For the value of x obtained in (ii) f(x) is increasing and for remaining points in its domain it is decreasing.

Here we have,

f’(x) = 6x3 – 12x2 – 90x

f’(x) = 6x(x2 – 2x – 15)

f’(x) = 6x(x2 – 5x + 3x – 15)

f’(x) = 6x(x – 5)(x + 3)

For f(x) to be increasing, we must have

f’(x) > 0

6x(x – 5)(x + 3)> 0

x(x – 5)(x + 3) > 0

–3 < x < 0 or 5 < x < ∞

x (–3,0)(5, )

Thus f(x) is increasing on interval (–3,0)(5, )

Again, For f(x) to be decreasing, we must have

f’(x) < 0

6x(x – 5)(x + 3)> 0

x(x – 5)(x + 3) > 0

–∞ < x < –3 or 0 < x < 5

x (–∞, –3)(0, 5)

Thus f(x) is decreasing on interval (–∞, –3)(0, 5)

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