## Book: RD Sharma - Mathematics (Volume 1)

### Chapter: 17. Increasing and Decreasing Functions

#### Subject: Maths - Class 12th

##### Q. No. 19 of Exercise 17.2

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19
##### Show that the function x2 – x + 1 is neither increasing nor decreasing on (0, 1).

Given:- Function f(x) = x2 – x + 1

Theorem:- Let f be a differentiable real function defined on an open interval (a,b).

(i) If f’(x) > 0 for all , then f(x) is increasing on (a, b)

(ii) If f’(x) < 0 for all , then f(x) is decreasing on (a, b)

Algorithm:-

(i) Obtain the function and put it equal to f(x)

(ii) Find f’(x)

(iii) Put f’(x) > 0 and solve this inequation.

For the value of x obtained in (ii) f(x) is increasing and for remaining points in its domain it is decreasing.

Here we have,

f(x) = x2 – x + 1

f’(x) = 2x – 1

Taking different region from (0, 1)

a) let

2x – 1 < 0

f’(x) < 0

Thus f(x) is decreasing in

b) let

2x – 1 > 0

f’(x) > 0

Thus f(x) is increasing in

Therefore, from above condition we find that

f(x) is decreasing in and increasing in

Hence, condition for f(x) neither increasing nor decreasing in (0, 1)

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